Famous Firsts in Aviation

Famous Firsts in Aviation

There is no doubt in the fact that Aviation industry is one of the most interesting as well as exciting industries in the world. Most of the youngster wanted to build their career in this industry. So they have to be prepared to face the tough interview panel. As per aviation job provider companies like Airport Wings, there are countless facts and figures , knowledge of which could be a key to success. Here are a few hand-picked most interesting facts  to elevate your knowledge level in Aviation.

  • 1783

This was a special year in terms of remarkable innovations and inventions. Jacques and Joseph Montgolfier of France came up with the first balloon flight around mid-November. In the same year Jacques A. C. Charles, A. J. and M. N. Robert came up with the first hydrogen-filled balloon flight that got up to about 3,000 ft. and flied for about 45minutes.

  • 1794

This year witnessed the first military use of the balloon and the credit for this goes to Jean Marie Coutelle. This special balloon was built for the help of the French Army. This was a successful attempt and the opponents of the French army were actually frightened by this fierce gesture.

  • 1843

First Air Transport Company called “Aerial Transit Company” (March 24) came almost into existence in the year 1843. Two men, William S. Henson and John Stringfellow, from London filed articles of incorporation for this company but it botched.

  • 1872

Paul Haenlein, a German engineer, came up with the first gas-engine-powered dirigible. It was powered by a 4-cylinder internal-combustion engine that was running on coal gas. This coal gas was being drawn from the supporting bag that was attached to the engine.

  • 1903

First successful heavier-than-air machine flight was brought to life by Orville Wright from Kitty Hawk, N.C. on 17th of December, 1903. It can be said that Aviation was actually born on the sand mounds when Wright crawled into a horizontal position in the middle of the wings of the biplane he and his brother Wilbur had assembled. He covered around 120 feet in barely 12 seconds.

  • 1906

On 13th September, 1906, a Brazilian man called Alberto Santos-Dumont managed to fly a heavier-than-air machine at Bagatelle Field, Paris. He received a lot of applause and a lot of people claimed it to be the first European airplane flight.

  • 1910

Baroness Raymonde de la Roche of France became the first licensed woman pilot. She learned to fly in the year 1909 and managed to receive ticket No. 36 on March 8, 1910.

  • 1913

In the year 1913 the first multi-engine aircraft was built and flown by Igor Ivan Sikorsky from Russia. A lot of countries appreciated this idea of multi-engine aircraft and this was termed as one of the biggest innovations that took place during that time.

  • 1917

Georgia-born Eugene Jacques Bullard was denied admission into the U.S. Army Air Corps because he was black. He had served throughout World War I in the French Flying Corps and received a lot of acclaims and finally in the year 1917 he got the honor of becoming a pilot and he became the world’s first black combat pilot.

  • 1924

The first round-the-world flight came into existence in the year 1924. Four Douglas Cruiser biplanes of the U.S. Army Air Corps started flying from Seattle under the command of Maj. Exactly after 175 days two of the planes returned safely and landed in Seattle. This was a big achievement for sure and it received a lot of media coverage even during that time.

  • 1931

This year saw two advances in the field of aviation. Firstly, the first flight managed to make its way into the stratosphere and secondly, the first non-stop transpacific flight took off from Japan under the control of Hugh Herndon and Clyde Pangborn.

  • 1939

This year saw the rise of the first turbojet flight and the credit for this goes to the Germans. On August 27, just before their attack on Poland, the Germans flew a Heinkel He-178 plane motorized by a Heinkel S3B turbojet.

  • 1941–1945

Captain Hans-Ulrich Rudel of Germany flew 2,530 combat missions during WWII while flying a JU-87 Stuka dive bomber. He survived the war and made a new record of flying the maximum number of combat missions flown by a pilot in any war.

  • 1949

The first round-the-world nonstop flight made its entry in the year 1949. It took 94 hours and 1 minute to complete its journey (Feb. 27–March 2).

  • 1977

The first successful human-powered aircraft was created by Paul MacCready. He was an aeronautical engineer from Pasadena and was awarded the Kremer Prize for coming up with this invention.

  • 1993

On 25th March, Barbara Harmer, British Airways, flew as first officer on the Concorde from London to New York City. This gave her the honor of being the first woman to copilot a commercial supersonic plane.

  • 2007

This year witnessed Barrington Irving to become the youngest and the first black pilot to fly solo around the world. He flew from Miami Gardens Florida in a plane named Inspiration and came back in 96 days, 150 hours (March 23-June 27).