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Oral health refers to the state of being free from different sorts of oral diseases like chronic mouth and facial pain, periodontal (gum) disease, oral and throat cancer, tooth decay, oral sores, tooth loss etc. Periodontitis, also known as gum disease or periodontal disease, starts with bacterial expansion in your mouth and if not properly treated might lead to tooth loss because of damaging the tissue that encases your teeth.
Whereas, Gingivitis (gum inflammation), is caused due to surplus plaque buildup on the teeth. It typically anachronizes periodontitis, however, it is important to know that not all gingivitis results in periodontitis. Symptoms of gingivitis include red, puffed-up gums or gums that bleed while brushing your teeth. On the contrary, periodontitis leads to more severe gum disease.
What Causes Gum Disease?
Excess of plaque is the main cause of gum disease. Though, Chisel Dental Clinic, Best Dental Clinic in Ulsoor, suggests other factors that can add to periodontal infection such as:
- Hormonal imbalance, occurring during pregnancy, menopause, puberty, and menstruation, make gums extra sensitive, which leads to the growth of gingivitis.
- Other illnesses may perhaps affect the healthiness of your gums. These diseases include cancer or HIV that impede the functioning of immune system. Since diabetes influences, the body’s capacity to use blood sugar, patients suffering from diabetes is highly prone to oral infections, such as periodontal disease and cavities.
- Medications can leave an adverse affect on your oral health because some reduce the course of saliva, which has a shielding effect on teeth and gums. Some medicines, such as the anticonvulsant medication Dilantin and the anti-angina drug Procardia and Adalat, can result in the unusual growth of gum tissue.
- Family genes history of dental syndromes can be a contributing aspect for the development of gingivitis.
- Regular smoking makes it difficult for gum tissue to restore itself.
- Poor oral hygiene routine like not brushing and flossing daily, make it accessible for gingivitis to develop.